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篇名 「國民中小學教師工作壓力量表」之編製
卷期 74
並列篇名 The Development of an Instrument to Measure Work Stress in Teachers: Work Stress Scale of Taiwan Secondary and Elementary Teachers.
作者 劉雅惠
頁次 060-078
關鍵字 國中教師國小教師工作壓力量表elementary teachersecondary teacherwork stress scale
出刊日期 201107

中文摘要

"台灣整個教育環境、社會現象和以往不同,教師所處的工作環境,面對的工作內容與任務也和以往有差異,若要能確切探討當今教師工作壓力,必須使用適當的測量工具。然而,國內研究教師工作壓力所使用的量表,多半修訂國內外的工作壓力量表,故這些量表可能無法真實地表現出現今國民中小學教師的工作壓力,本研究透過預試與正式施測的信效度評估,建立合適的測量工具。本研究先訪談12位國中小教師以瞭解其工作壓力事件,再依據訪談內容編製量表題目,接著以271位國民中小學教師為對象進行預試,在修正與精簡題目後,進行正式施測,施測對象為420位國民中小學教師,國小教師219人,國中教師201人。研究結果最後抽取4個因素,分別為教學與輔導管教的壓力、行政的壓力、家長的壓力與時間的壓力,本量表的信度良好(總量表信度為.91)。"

英文摘要

The factorial validity and internal consistency reliability of a scale developed to assess work stress in Taiwan secondary and elementary teachers were investigated. The items of the scale were determined from interviews of 12 secondary and elementary teachers. Data collected from the sample of 420 secondary and elementary teachers (219 elementary teachers; 201 secondary teachers) were subjected to factor analysis followed by varimax and oblique rotations. Based on the result of factor analysis, the scale had 4 subscales: stressor of teaching, guidance and discipline, stressor of administrative, stressor of parents, stressor of time. Based on the result of internal consistency reliability testing, the scale had acceptable reliability.