Taiwan is located in the Western Pacific where typhoons frequently strike. Over 73% of the land is hillsides and alpine forests, and most of the population cluster densely in the 25% plain land. The environment and geological conditions are sensitive and vulnerable. In recent years, due to the rapid socio-economic growth, pressure has increased on land development. Together with island characteristics of being surrounded by the sea, it has caused frequent conflicts for mountain, river, and sea areas when it comes to Taiwan's land use. In recent years, due to the increasing climate change impacts, how to maintain a stable equilibrium in the ecosystem and ensure people's survival and the nation's sustainable development, have become important key issues that must be actively faced, in response to climate change impacts and taking into consideration land and resource limitations. Related studies on carrying capacities in the past focused on environmental carrying capacity, recreational carrying capacity, and urban carrying capacity, which mainly explored the population limit that a single environmental system can carry or the actual degree of development. There is no careful examination on how much the land can supply in the overall environment system and the amount of resources for the amount of consumption that explores the issues of consumption differences and development. This study takes Taiwan's overall development into consideration, and analyzes carrying capacity (resource supply side) from the perspective of "land resources", "food resources", and "carbon emissions". This study analyzes the population size that can be covered by each resource to show the current situation of development between regions and future demands, the carrying capacity of each resource between each region, and compares it with ecological footprint (resource demand side), to serve as views for regional adaptation topics of discussion. This study attempts to inject innovative thinking and methods to ease resource shortage and climate change pressures, in order to seek new opportunities for Taiwan's progress toward sustainable development.