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輔仁法學

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篇名 刑法上公務員受賄犯罪之研究
卷期 44
並列篇名 A Research of Civil Servants' Bribery on Criminal Law
作者 張麗卿
頁次 001-049
關鍵字 公務員貪污賄賂隱密性受賄行為Civil servantsCorruptionBriberiesNature of secretTaking bribes
出刊日期 201212

中文摘要

公務員貪贓枉法,古今皆然、中外咸同,人民深惡痛絕,世界各國無不制定政策,打擊貪瀆。公務員貪瀆犯罪中,受賄犯罪尤其是社會關注焦點。主要理由是,受賄犯罪的不法利益龐大,官商相互勾結,極易形成權貴犯罪的共犯結構,公務員受賄行為忽視行政部門運作的公益性,更會嚴重損壞政府的廉潔與威信,塑造國家公權力可買賣性的印象,危及人民對政府的信任,更破壞整體社會秩序。長久以來,我國公務員貪污受賄問題嚴重,本文為求解決之道,先就刑法上公務員的概念進行說明,釐清2005年刑法修法前後的差異,並透過歸納分析,介紹各種新興受賄行為的隱密性與複雜型態。其次,說明公務員受賄犯罪的主要特徵及處罰規定,希冀從法規範的視野,尋求我國受賄犯罪的立法設計與適用困難。最後,對於受賄犯罪的相關法制提出立法建議,希望透過明確的法律規範,建構防治貪污受賄犯罪的完善機制。

英文摘要

Civil servants’ corruption has been a crime for a long time, from ancient to modern societies, from Taiwan to other countries, there is still no change. People hate corruption; hence, many countries have set up a series of policies to combat it. Civil servants taking bribes is always paid attention. The main reason, having accepted a huge sum bribed by the merchant, the civil servant makes collusion with the briber, forming an accomplice structure, as it is often the case. The crime of bribery ignores the public welfare of administration, furthermore, seriously threatens the integrity of government. It leaves people an impression that the public authority can be bargained; as a result, the governmental trust will be endangered and the social order will be deteriorated.
  Bribery in Taiwan has become a serious problem for a long time. In order to solve it, this paper starts with the introduction of civil servants from the viewpoints of criminal law, by definition of which several differences between pre and post amended Criminal Code 2005 are clarified. Moreover, the introduction of new kind of secret and complex pattern relating to taking bribes will be given by a generalizing and analyzing way. Secondly, the main characteristics of bribery and related punishment are explained. Finally, legislative suggestions are drawn. It is anticipated that a perfect mechanism for combating briberies can be established through a set of clear legal norms.

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