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篇名 中國本土性議題的學術表現—以代工研究為例
卷期 15:1
並列篇名 Academic Performance of Indigenous Issues- Taking Original Equipment Manufacturer Research as an Example
作者 岳洪江
頁次 017-043
關鍵字 中國代工現象書目計量學ChinaOEM PhenomenonBibliometrics
出刊日期 201706
DOI 10.6182/jlis.2017.15(1).017

中文摘要

中國近年宣導對國際化下的本土性議題開展有意義的研究之呼聲越來越高,經過三十多年的發展,代工現象成為典型的中國本土化議題。本研究以書目計量學方法,系統剖析此一典型的中國本土性議題,追蹤中國學者對它的解讀、研究有何獨特的表現。研究發現:(1)學界對中國代工現象有所回應,但遠未呈現繁榮的局面;(2)密集從事代工研究的單位,主要集中在珠三角和長三角地區的幾所重點大學,與其它研究主題在全中國遍地開花不同;(3)合作開展研究是代工研究的主軸,在中老年學者與青年學生的合著模式中,形成了「貴人斷後」和「提攜新人」兩種常見的合著模式;(4)代工研究成果既分布於工業產業領域,也涵蓋企業管理等經濟管理領域;(5)代工研究主要形成了以「全球價值鏈」為中心而擴展的宏觀層面的經濟學研究,和「代工企業」為中心而擴展的企業經營層面的管理學研究導向趨勢;(6)代工研究的學術成果多從英文文獻中尋找研究的理論基礎,自主發掘和構建的「中國代工理論」仍較缺乏;(7)代工研究無論是實證研究或個案研究,仍多以演繹式的方式驗證西方理論,尚缺乏以構建典範發展中國本土性的獨特理論貢獻;(8)國家和中央部門的經費補助是代工研究的重要科研經費來源,地方政府對代工研究的經費補助積極性不高。

英文摘要

Advocated for the localization of international issues under the voice of meaningful research has become increasingly high, after 30 years of development, original equipment manufacturer (OEM) phenomenon as a living localization issues exist. This paper is a systematic review of the bibliometrics, which is a typical indigenous topic, which can be traced to the interpretation of Chinese scholars and its unique performance. The study found: (1) The academic community on the local issues - OEM phenomenon is response, but far from showing a prosperous situation; (2) Intensive units engaged in OEM research mainly concentrated in the Pearl River Delta and the Yangtze River Delta region of several key universities, which is with other research topics throughout the country blossom everywhere in the different characteristics; (3) Collaborative research is the main theme of foundry research, in the middle-aged scholars and young students in the mode of cooperation, the formation of “student first” and “professor second” two common modes of cooperation; (4) OEM research results are distributed in the field of industrial industries, but also covers business management and other economic management areas; (5) OEM research mainly formed a “global value chain” as the center of the macro-level expansion of economic research-oriented trends and “OEM enterprises” as the center of the expansion of business management level of management research-oriented trends; (6) The academic achievements of OEM research more from the English literature to find the theoretical basis for research, independent discovery and construction of the foundry “Chinese theory” is more than the lack of; (7) OEM research, both empirical research and case studies are more deductive way to verify the Western theory, the lack of a paradigm of the development of local unique theoretical contribution; (8) The state and central departments funding is an important research model of OEM research, local government funding for OEM research initiative is not high.